Friday, 1 April 2011

Does China provide an 'alternative model' of development?

By Jing Gu

Is China's development strategy really very new? Scholars (including Gordon White, Tian Yu Cao, and Pan Wei) have for more than a decade explained a 'model' based on China’s development experiences. The ‘Chinese Model’ is said to be characterised by China’s experiences of high levels of foreign direct investment, industrial exports orientation, and state funding of high-level infrastructure.

Some scholars also equate a Chinese model with a 'Beijing Consensus' (such as Joshua Cooper Ramo, Scott Kennedy (2010) and Suisheng Zhao (2010)). This holds that China’s development strategy represents an 'alternative model' distinct from that of the club of advanced industrial economies. China, as a strong developmental state that rejects a US-led ‘Washington Consensus’, welcomes multilateralism and focuses on globalisation and development, but from an avowedly South-South perspective.

The current debate highlights that the alternative model offers a potentially attractive example to governments drawn to a more neo-authoritarian style, with questionable commitments to civil and human rights, political accountability, or Western-style political cultures advocating, at least in declaratory terms, values of political 'good governance'. However, China appears as a rather unitary agency and perhaps some further breakdown of internal governmental differences over development policy might add to the debate.

China’s 'Opening Up and Reform' has been very successful over the last 33 years. Yet China’s development focused exclusively upon economic growth. The result was a rapidly growing economy, but one where social development lagged behind.

Domestically, the phenomenon that China’s cities are like Europe and its villages like Africa needs tackling. The Chinese people still face transition challenges. But by increasing social expenditures in an effective development strategy, it’s time for China to reward its own people.

Now Chinese Government attention is focusing on harmonious and scientific development. One important agenda during the March sessions of the National People's Congress (NPC), China's parliament, was to review and approve the outline for the nation’s 12th five-year plan covering the period for 2011 to 2015. It prioritised improvement in people’s livelihoods and quality of life through 'human-centred' development.

China needs to elaborate a coherent sustainable development strategy and actively promote it. China’s development challenges are international. The implications of China’s new role in Africa are the subject of sharp debate. Indeed, the implications of China’s role are critical for implementing sustainable development policies. We live in a world of complex interdependency. China must develop its own development policies dealing with global issues. Time is pressing; it is opportune to act. China has become a significant global development actor with all the associated responsibilities.


Anonymous said...

Very interesting. China's rise will be quite different one from other great powers in history.

Anonymous said...

China is a big power but not great power yet. There is a close link between China's domestic development and its approach to international development.

Zheng junxai5 said...

cheap rolex watches
fit flops
coach outlet
oakley sunglasses
cheap toms shoes
louis vuitton purses
louboutin sale clearance
christian louboutin sale
true religion outlet
louboutin femme
cheap basketball shoes
louis vuitton bags
polo shirts
rolex watches outlet
oakley outlet
mont blanc pen
michael kors outlet
oakley sunglasses wholesale
michael kors handbags
kd 7 shoes
michael kors outlet
adidas nmd
coach factory outlet online
concords 11
longchamp outlet
louis vuitton outlet
rolex watches for sale
michael kors handbags
coach outlet store online
coach outlet online
coach factory outlet online
michael kors outlet
cheap jerseys
mont blanc pens outlet
vans sneakers
air jordan 4
basketball shoes
lebron 13
cheap rolex watches
lebron 13 shoes

Karen said...

The Tennessee Titan Flag is viewable from both sides with the opposite side being a reverse image.Fly your Tennessee Titan Flag with our tailgate pole or 6' aluminum flagpole and adjustable flag flags sale
house divided flags nflPackers stars and stripes flags
Houston Oilers stars and stripes flags, House Divided Flags,Sports Flags 3x5, Sports flags and banners,nfl House Divided Flags

Anne Lin said...

mock-up di Jack Henderson del 2017-2018 camicia casa Real Madrid arriva in un bianco frizzante, mentre le strisce Adidas, posizionati sulle spalle e sponsor loghi sono di colore verde acqua. Per completare il progetto, una grafica sottile, รจ anche sul fronte del Real Madrid 2017-18 maglie.poco prezzo
magliette calcio Maglia Athletic Bilbao online
nuove Maglia Atletico Madrid

Cara Mengobati Sakit Ulu Hati said...

Thank you for presenting information of interest .. wooow outstanding

Obat Kurap Paling Mujarab
Cara Mengobati Masalah Telinga
Pengobatan Pneumonia Secara Efektif
Pengobatan Miom Tanpa Operasi
Obat Alternatif Sakit Kepala Menahun
Cara Menurunkan Kadar Leukosit Tinggi