Monday, 9 June 2014

Li Keqiang goes to Addis: China-Africa cooperation and the modernisation of a continent

In May, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang paid a visit to the African Union (AU) in the course of a tour of four African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, and Angola.  A key feature of the visit was the explicit linkage of the Chinese dream (“a great renewal of the Chinese nation”), with the African dream (“a blueprint for the continent’s next fifty years of development”), as emerging in the African Union’s consultation draft for its Africa 2063 Agenda, launched last year. 

Two-way trade flows between China and African states grew to $200bn in 2012, making China Africa’s largest trading partner. During his visit, Premier Le Keqiang proposed to double this to $400bn by 2020, and to increase investment stocks to $100bn from the current $25bn. As well as pledging at least half of China’s future aid effort to Africa, Li promised to add a further $10bn to an existing line of financial credits of $20bn for 2012-2015 and to inject a further $2bn into the existing $3bn China Africa Fund, dedicated to enterprise investment in Africa.

Li also hinted at a new joint financing fund with the African Development Bank, as a platform for trilateral cooperation in Africa’s infrastructural development, including regional aviation and high-speed rail networks. A $2bn Africa Growing Together Fund with untied procurement, was subsequently announced at the African Development Bank annual meeting in Kigali.

Creating the African Dream?


But beyond the dramatic numbers, Premier Li pledged China’s active role in a sustainable and inclusive African economic transformation over the coming decades. Directly using the graphic terms of the draft AU Agenda 2063 he portrayed a diversified, urbanised and green Africa of 2bn people, with dynamic cities and a thriving cultural life, a key force in a multipolar world, joined up by regional air networks, expressways and high speed rail.  And he announced a readiness to help the transfer of industries from a transforming China to a transforming Africa (PDF),  as “both sides face the task of achieving modernization”.

The power of dreams is not the stuff of economic textbooks, but China is bringing a form of public entrepreneurship to Africa that is already making a very  tangible impact. Much of the recent and planned infrastructure development on the continent –power, roads, railways, ports and mobile telephony - involves Chinese funding and construction input. A new expressway from Addis to Adama, and a new fast train from Abuja to Kaduna were two projects Li inaugurated on this trip.

Economic transformation has become new African development narrative, as demonstrated in several recent reports by the AU/UN Economic Commission for Africa, the  African Development Bank and the African Centre for Economic Transformation (ACET) (PDF), all based around this theme. It is clear that the developmental states of Asia – China, South Korea, Japan and Malaysia – are increasingly seen in Africa as role models, as well as being sources of investment and initiative.

China and the African Union: The New Embrace 

Li Keqiang’s visit was also an occasion to cement ties between Forum for China Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) and the AU.  AU membership in FOCAC, and an ongoing strategic dialogue between China and the AU, are very recent developments.

Geopolitical and geo-economic linkages between the Chinese and African development trajectories are thus now positioned, by China, within the African Union’s own frameworks, and aligned with African objectives, which neutralises charges of neocolonialism from within Africa itself. China will help Africa’s structural transformation. The big question here is to what extent China’s experience and accomplishments can guide Africa’s integration ambitions, in a continent with fragmented political structures rather than a unitary state, and with even more vast spatial challenges and ethnic diversity compared to China.

A major investment by China in an inclusive African economic transformation also requires investment in effective states, and peace and security in Africa.  China is already a significant supplier of UN peacekeepers to Africa, and participates in the G8++ process for enhanced coordination and collaboration within the AU Peace and Security Architecture.

Even as it reiterates its policy on non-interference in internal political affairs, its now large and growing investments indicate just how much China counts on the emergence of effective states in Africa. The new Chinese initiatives announced in Addis on regional connectivity, poverty reduction, ecological conservation, and on peace and security, all indicate the breadth of its approach and an expressed readiness to work with others in taking these agendas forward.

China as Africa’s Public  Entrepreneur?


In sum, China is ready and able to think big and long-term on the African development agenda and to act more rapidly than most other actors, in a mode of public entrepreneurship.

At the same time, success requires convergence of agendas across the areas of responsible, inclusive governance, conflict resolution and peacebuilding, as well as coordination across multiple institutional frameworks.  Japan, the EU, the US, the BRICS and the G7 in its Brussels communiqué are lining up to assist the African transformation and peace and security agendas. Le Keqiang has signaled to Africa and the world of China’s readiness to engage – and to be a leader – in this hugely important endeavour.  

This blog was written by Richard Carey and Li Xiaoyun, with the assistance of Yunnan Chen. Li Xiaoyun and Richard Carey are members of the IDS Advisory Council for the Rising Powers in Development Programme. Professor Li is Dean of the College for Humanities and Development at the China Agricultural University and Chair of the China International Development Research Network (CIDRN). Richard Carey is Chair of the International Advisory Committee of the CIDRN and former Director for Development Cooperation at the OECD. Yunnan Chen is the Research Officer for the Rising Powers in International Development Programme. 

Related blogs on Globalisation and Development:

17 comments :

Hill said...


Dominate your Competition in Google with our Premier SEO Services. Experienced Melbourne SEO Consultant servicing clients all over Australia seo experts melbourne

kkk said...

longchamp handbags
cheap oakley sunglasses
oakley sunglasses
air max 95
vans outlet store
coach outlet
adidas shoes
columbia shoes
nike air max 90
fred perry
lanhaichao

kkk said...

adidas superstar
michael kors handbags
coach outlet store online clearances
pandora bijoux
fit flops
michael kors canada
christian louboutin outlet
cheap jordans
adidas shoes
polo ralph lauren outlet

kkk said...

adidas superstar
michael kors handbags
coach outlet store online clearances
pandora bijoux
fit flops
michael kors canada
christian louboutin outlet
cheap jordans
adidas shoes
polo ralph lauren outlet

kkk said...

adidas superstar
michael kors handbags
coach outlet store online clearances
pandora bijoux
fit flops
michael kors canada
christian louboutin outlet
cheap jordans
adidas shoes
polo ralph lauren outlet

wildan herbal said...

Visit Obat batu kandung kemih enough Agen resmi qnc jelly gamat di yogyakarta Thanks...

jujun dai said...

Say Obat Kista Ganglion know Agen Resmi QnC Jelly Gamat di Cirebon Thank you so much...

Apriliansyah Raka said...

Sharing yah Obat jerawat bruntusan di wajah with Obat luka gangren Thanks...

Muh Umar said...

Shared Obat Milia di Wajah great Obat Fistula Ani Menahun nothing Walatra Sehat Mata Softgel Thank you...

Apriliansyah Raka said...

Share it Obat Kaki Dan Tangan Lumpuh Karena Stroke succesfully Obat Glaukoma Thanks...

Muhammad Syahrul said...

Visit Obat luka gangren High Obat maag kronis successfully Obat kista ginjal Thank you...

Wulan Rania Putri said...

Sharing Eung Obat gagal jantung hear Obat abses di payudara now Obat gatal biduran Thank you so much..

Muhammad Gunawan said...

Visit my article Obat kista bartholin just Obat abses di payudara more Obat pembuluh darah pecah Thank you...

Mar Distri said...

Shared Obat Kista Ovarium Alami young Obat Untuk Menghilangkan Rasa Gatal di Selangkangan meet Obat Puting Susu Lecet Akibat Menyusui Thank you...

Gilang gumilar said...

Visit my article Obat Oles Untuk Menghilangkan Jerawat dan Bekasnya rise Obat Miom last Obat Luka Infeksi Thank you..

Wildan Herbal said...

Sharing Nih Obat Selangkangan Perih dan Merah think Obat Kencing Darah fallin Obat Benjolan di Buah zakar Thank you so much..

green world said...

Nih broo Obat Jerawat Batu Yang Membandel sad Obat benjolan di tangan hungry Obat Infeksi Lambung Thank you very much..